Getting Started with Writing a Syllabus
The following ideas about writing a syllabus are adapted from Nilson (2010, p. 33-36).
How to set the Tone for the Course
- Provide course information such as course number, location and time, prerequisites, and other requirements.
- Share your teaching philosophy.
- Announce office hours and location.
- Share some information about yourself, such as your educational and professional background.
- Describe how the course relates to the program, discipline, or field.
- Provide information about campus services that can aid students with their studies.
- Reflect on the overall tone of your writing: is it encouraging or punitive?
How to Communicate What, When, and how Students will Learn
- Articulate course learning outcomes.
- List major topics your course will cover.
- Provide a list of reading materials (briefly annotated).
- List textbooks and other course materials and where to find them, including links to online content when appropriate.
- List all graded course requirements such as assignments, exams, attendance, participation, etc.
- Provide a detailed schedule, weekly or daily. Include what will be covered, assignment and test dates, learning activities such as group work or presentations, guest speakers, field trips, library information sessions, etc.
- Consider using a graphic syllabus to supplement your syllabus. A graphic syllabus is a “flowchart, graphic organizer, or diagram of the sequencing and organization of your course’s major topics through the term. It may also note the calendar schedule of the topics, the major activities and assignments, and the tests” (Nilson, 2010, p.38). See an example of graphic syllabus.
How to Communicate Expectations & What Students Need to do to Succeed in the Course
- Next to learning outcomes, list what you believe students need to do in order to be successful (how many hours per week they should dedicate, class attendance and participation, etc.). Note that students may vary in their learning and that achieving course goals requires work on the students' part.
- Provide detailed information on how graded assignments or activities will be evaluated.
- Establish ground rules for classroom interactions. Ask for student input and adjust your original list of expectations.
- Make clear any course policies you may have on attendance, tardiness, missed or late exams or assignments, personal use of technology, and safety procedures in laboratories.
- Include information regarding communication with course instructors. For example, include what email address to use, what to put in the subject line, what types of content is suitable to send to teaching assistants or post to online course tools, such as the Learning Management System or Piazza.
How to Deter Misunderstandings About Course Policies
- Articulate institutional, departmental, or course policies on academic integrity, students with disabilities, and diversity.
- Detail examples of what constitutes violations of your policies and provide specific information on the consequences.
- Note that any of the course activities listed in your syllabus may be subject to change under certain circumstances such as by mutual agreement or to enhance student learning.
How to Motivate Students to Refer to the Syllabus
- Introduce the syllabus in class as a learning activity. Ask students to quiz each other or conduct a jigsaw activity:
- Break the syllabus up into different sections.
- Divide students into different groups.
- Give each group a different section of the syllabus for review (expert groups).
- Re-form groups so that each group includes a member from each of the previous expert groups.
- Have the experts teach their section of the syllabus to their new groups.
- Create an online "Living Syllabus" that hosts learning materials and assignments for class arranged chronologically.
- Be strategic in where you place the syllabus. You can include it in the student course pack, on Blackboard, or on a course website.
- If students ask questions that the syllabus answers, ask a student who has the course syllabus to find the answer on the spot.
- Ask students to contribute to the syllabus. Have them review it in class and make suggestions for changes.
- Print important class materials on colorful pieces of paper other than white to make materials for students easier to find.